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A UHF Compact Complex Impedance-transforming Balun with High Isolation

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Kittipong Nithiporndecha and Chatrpol Pakasiri*   Pages 1135 - 1144 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: A compact complex impedance-transforming balun for UHF frequencies, which is based on a coupled-line structure that matched all ports and provided high output port isolation, was designed in this paper.

Methods: A lumped component transformation was used to minimize circuit size. The implemented circuit operated at 433 MHz with the reflection coefficients less than -16 dB at all ports, 0.22 dB amplitude balance and 180° phase balance at the output ports. The signal coupling between the output ports was -16.8 dB. The circuit size is small at 0.032λ.

Results: Complex impedance-transforming baluns were designed to operate at 433 MHz. The source impedance at port 1 was set at Zs = 12 - j12Ω and the load impedances at port 2 and 3 were set at ZL = 80 + j30Ω.

Conclusion: A compact complex impedance-transforming balun at UHF frequency, with all ports matched and high isolations, was designed and illustrated in this paper.

Keywords:

Balun, complex impedance, lumped-component, UHF, SiGe BiCMOS technology, two pot circuit.

Affiliation:

College of Advanced Manufacturing Innovation, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, 1 Soi Chalongkrung 1, Ladkrabang, Bangkok, 10520, College of Advanced Manufacturing Innovation, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, 1 Soi Chalongkrung 1, Ladkrabang, Bangkok, 10520

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