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Track Maneuvering using PID Control for Self-Driving Cars


Wael Farag*   Pages 1 - 10 ( 10 )


Background: In this paper, a Proportional-Integral-Differential (PID) controller that facilitates track maneuvering for self-driving cars is proposed.

Methods: Three different design approaches are used to find and tune the controller hyper-parameters. One of them is “WAF-Tune”, which is an ad hoc trial-and-error based technique that is specifically proposed in this paper for this specific application. The proposed controller uses only the Cross-Track-Error (CTE) as an input to the controller, whereas the output is the steering command.

Results: Extensive simulation studies in complex tracks with many sharp turns have been carried out to evaluate the performance of the proposed controller at different speeds.

Conclusion: The analysis shows that the proposed technique outperforms the other ones. The usefulness and the shortcomings of the proposed tuning mechanism are also discussed in details.


PID Control, Self-Driving Car, Autonomous Driving, PID Tuning


Electrical Engineering Dept., American University of the Middle East, Kuwait. Cairo University

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