Prakash Chandra Sahu and Ramesh Chandra Prusty* Pages 532 - 542 ( 11 )
Background: Automatic Generation Control (AGC) of multi-area nonlinear power system integrated with wind energy based Renewable Energy Conversion System (RECS).
Methods: A fuzzy PID controller has been proposed for AGC of a three equal area thermal system integrated with RECS. Different physical nonlinear constraints like Governor Dead Band (GDB) and boiler dynamics are introduced in the model for realization of non linear and realistic of proposed multi area power system. To determine the optimum gain parameter, a Modified Symbiotic Organism Search (M-SOS) algorithm has been used along with a fitness function which based on Integral of Time Multiplied Absolute Error (ITAE).
Results: For performance analysis, the performance of proposed M-SOS optimized fuzzy-PID controller is compared with PI, PID and fuzzy PI controllers. For technique comparison, performance of proposed M-SOS technique is compared with original SOS and conventional PSO algorithms. Robustness of proposed controller has also been verified by varying applied load and system parameters.
Conclusion: It is observed that M-SOS technique exhibits improved performance over original SOS and PSO algorithms. It is also observed that proposed Fuzzy-PID controller provides better system performance than PI, PID and fuzzy PI controllers. It has been observed that the proposed M-SOS tuned fuzzy PID controller improves settling time of frequency response in area 1 by 11.30%, 15% and 17.75% compared to M-SOS tuned fuzzy PI, PID and PI controllers respectively. Significant improvements in settling time, peak overshoot and peak undershoot of the frequency response in area 2 and tie line power are observed with the implementation this proposed approach.
Automatic Generation Control (AGC), Renewable Energy Conversion System (RECS), Symbiotic Organism Search (SOS), Fuzzy-PID, Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), Generation Rate Constraint (GRC), Renewable Energy Conversion System (RECS).
Department of Electrical Engineering, VSSUT, Burla, 768018, Odisha, Department of Electrical Engineering, VSSUT, Burla, 768018, Odisha