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Sensor-based and Sensorless Vector Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drives: A Comparative Study

Author(s):

Shweta Singh*, A.N. Tiwari and S.N. Singh   Pages 1 - 7 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Speed and rotor position estimation is mandatory for vector control scheme of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM). The estimation accuracy of Non-adaptive (Open loop) methods degrades as mechanical speed reduces. The system becomes more robust against parameter mismatch and signal noises by employing adaptive observers for estimation of speed and position. Sensorless scheme adopted for estimating the PMSM rotor position based on its performance which eliminates the need for speed sensors which are usually required in such control applications. To achieve this goal, a Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation (SVPWM) control scheme is applied to work in conjunction with a vector control PMSM drive using Simulink. The PI controller uses from estimated speed feedback for the speed sensorless control of PMSM. In this paper, a comprehensive analysis of sensor-based and sensorless based on sliding mode observer (SMO) techniques for vector control of PMSM is presented with regards to the steady-state and dynamic performance robustness against parameter sensitivity, stability and computational complexity. The control scheme is simulated in the MATLAB/Simulink software environment.

Keywords:

Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM), Sliding Mode Observer (SMO), vector control, Sensorless Control

Affiliation:

MMM University of Technology, Electrical Engineering, 49-M Indra Nagar, Rashulpur, Gorakhpur, Post- New Shivpuri Colony, MMM University of Technology, Electrical Engineering, MMM University of Technology, Electrical Engineering



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