Deepak Kumar Lal and Ajit Kumar Barisal* Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )
Background: Due to the increasing demand for the electrical power and limitations of conventional energy to produce electricity, now the microgrid (MG) system based on alternative energy sources are used to provide electrical energy to fulfill the increasing demand. The power system frequency deviates from its nominal value when the generation differs the load demand. The paper presents, load frequency control (LFC) of a hybrid power structure consisting of a reheat turbine thermal unit, hydropower generation unit and distributed generation (DG) resources. Methods: The execution of the proposed fractional order Fuzzy proportional-integral-derivative (FO Fuzzy PID) controller is explored by comparing the results with different types of controllers such as PID, fractional order PID (FOPID) and Fuzzy PID controllers. The controller parameters are optimized with a novel application of grasshopper optimization algorithm (GOA). The robustness of the proposed FO Fuzzy PID controller towards different loading, step load perturbations (SLP) and random step change of wind power is tested. Further, the study is extended to an AC microgrid integrated three region thermal power systems. Conclusion: The performed time domain simulations results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed FO Fuzzy PID controller and show that it has better performance than that of PID, FOPID and Fuzzy PID controllers. The suggested approach is reached out to the more practical multi-region power system. Thus, the worthiness and adequacy of the proposed technique are verified effectively.
fractional order controller, Fuzzy PID controller, grasshopper optimization algorithm, load frequency control, microgrid power system, multi area system.
Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, Odisha, Department of Electrical Engg, at College of Engineering and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha