Submit Manuscript  

Article Details

An Optimal Design of Super-Directive Dipole Linear Antenna Array Using Gravitational Search Algorithm and Large Perfect Reflecting Surface

[ Vol. 11 , Issue. 2 ]


Saumendra Kumar Mohanty* and Biswa Binayak Mangaraj   Pages 227 - 238 ( 12 )


Background: This article presents a 12-element Dipole Linear Array Antenna (DLAA) optimization using Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) to find optimal design parameters such as lengths corresponding to each dipole and spacing corresponding to separation between two neighbor dipoles.

Methods: GSA optimizes the design parameters to offer the desired performance parameters such as high Directivity (DR), high Front to Back Ratio (FBR), high Front-to-Maximum-Side-Lobe-Level (FSL), and low Half-Power-Beam-Width (HBW) using a simple weighted sum type multi-objective function.

Results: After optimization, the performance parameter DR is improved further by placing a large perfect reflecting surface (PRS) close to one side that is perpendicular to the axis of the array to achieve a Super-Directive DLAA (SDLAA).

Conclusion: While analysing the DLAA, mutual coupling is taken into account for numerical analysis using Method of Moment (MoM).


Gravitational search algorithm, multi-objective optimization, method of moment, perfectly reflecting surface, super-directive.


Department of ECE, Siksha `O` Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Department of ETC Sambalpur, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology - Odisha

Graphical Abstract:

Read Full-Text article