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Energy Efficient Multichannel MAC Protocol for High Traffic Applications in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

[ Vol. 10 , Issue. 3 ]


Sunil Kumar*, Priya Ranjan, Ramaswami Radhakrishnan and Malay Ranjan Tripathy   Pages 223 - 232 ( 10 )


Background: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have become an important part in recent years with a wide range of applications from low traffic to high traffic applications (e.g. Multimedia, VoIP, IOT, IOE). These applications require collection and transmission of the high amount of data in a timely manner. In WSNs, sensors are randomly deployed in ad hoc fashion and as per application requirement are inactive for a long time and quickly activate when any event is detected. Designing a good MAC is important to optimize the energy at the data link layer of the communication model. Proposed protocol EE-MMAC is an energy-efficient multichannel MAC for high traffic applications.

Methods: The primary objective of EE-MMAC is to cut energy consumption at the data link layer based on following multi-channel attributes: Idle listening, elimination of collisions, overhearing and reducing the control packet overhead. EE-MMAC uses periodically sleep technique in the multi-channel environment based on the directional antenna, which is different from the traditional IEEE 802.11 MAC and IEEE 802.15.4. When a node is transmitting data, during that time other nodes must be in sleep mode motivated by S-MAC, PAMAS. Nodes must exchange control packets on CC (control channel) to choose DC (data channel) for communication and to decide the beam direction of the flow.

Results: The proposed algorithm results show that the EE-MMAC achieves significant energy gains (30% to 45% less than comparable to IEEE 802.11, and MMAC) based on mainly energy efficiency, PDR (packet delivery ratio) and throughput.


Energy efficient, multichannel, MAC, wireless sensor networks, protocol, noetes.


Department of CSE, ABES Engineering College Ghaziabad, Amity University, Noida, Department of EEE, Amity University, Noida, Department of CSE, ABES Engineering College Ghaziabad (U.P.), Department of EEE, Amity University, Noida

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